Here is a brief explanation of the Ski Service's options available to help determine what your skis require. Skis should be serviced on a regular basis to keep them gliding well across the snow. Ski Service Technicians are always on hand in stores and trained to assess the condition of your skis and recommend the best course of action. It can sometimes be difficult to spot signs of damage if you are not that familiar.
Hot Wax - Waxing your skis should be carried out every few days to prevent the base from drying out. When a ski base is dry, it will have a white/grey appearance and the skis will appear 'sticky' on the snow, not gliding very well. As ski wax is temperature based, skis will be waxed to the current conditions so a significant change in temperature or snow conditions, could indicate a new wax is needed. For storage, a hot wax....without scraping, is the best option to protect the base.
Edge & Wax - This will sharpen the edges of your skis giving them a better grip when turning/carving, particularly in icy conditions. If you have a preference to the angle of the edges, you can request this at the store. Otherwise they will be sharpened to ski manufacturer specifications or the store may use their own preference. The skis will then be waxed, allowing them to glide better on the snow.
Full Tune - A Full Tune includes a base grind to the ski which essentially flattens the base and puts a structure (pattern) back into it. There are various structures available depending on the snow conditions but they all focus on keeping the skis gliding as smoothly and freely as possible over the snow, working in conjunction with wax. A Full Tune is carried out less frequently than an Edge & Wax or Wax Only to avoid removing too much base material, but as a guide it is good to get the skis assessed by a technician every 2 weeks. Following the base work, the skis will then have the edges sharpened and will be waxed.
Base Repairs - If your ski base has a gouge in it and you can now see the ski core, it is called a core shot and will require repairing before moisture gets in, causing permanent damage. Ski Service stores use a special base welding material which bonds to the core for a permanent fix. To repair minor scratches within the base material, P-tex is used to fill the gaps. With all base repairs, most stores will need to carry out a Full Tune as well to ensure the ski base is flat again.
Edge Repairs - Repairing bent or broken ski edges can be tricky and take time, but it's often possible. It depends on the severity of the damage, sometimes the edge can be straightened and other times a new edge will be required by replacing a section. For hard impacts which have also damaged the side wall, a Ski Service Technician will have to assess the damage and determine whether the ski is repairable and what is the most cost effective solution.
Race Tune - For skiers seeking a high performance finish, a Race Tune is usually carried out by hand to the individual specific requests of the racer. It will include a base grind putting a structure into the base, sharpened edges and is usually finished with a faster wax.
SB (Snowboard) Full Tune - This includes a base grind to the snowboard which essentially flattens the base and puts a structure (pattern) back into it, to keep the board gliding as smoothly and freely as possible over the snow, working in conjunction with wax. A Full Tune is carried out less frequently than an Edge & Wax or Wax Only to avoid removing too much base material, but as a guide it is good to get the board assessed by a technician every 2 weeks. Following the base work, the board will then have the edges sharpened and will be waxed.
Binding Test - A Binding Test is recommended every year before skiing to ensure it is functioning and releasing at the correct settings. Over time binding parts can wear and may need replacing to ensure they are still releasing as they should. Once bindings reach a certain date, the manufacturers will no longer recommend servicing these bindings as they can't guarantee they will function as they should. In these cases ski technicians will refuse to work on these bindings, for your safety.